Pattern of OCD Symptoms in Muslim Patients in Tertiary Care Hospital


  • Sher Ayub 1. Department of Psychiatry, Khalifa gulnawaz Teaching Hospital, Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Hussain Ahmad Assistan Professor,psychiatry Gomal Medical college D.I khan


OCD, DSM criteria, Muslim populations, KP


Objectives: To find the pattern of OCD symptoms in Muslim patients.

Methodology: This study was conducted at the department of psychiatry Khalifa Gulnawaz Teaching Hospital Bannu, Pakistan from January 2022 to December 2022. Those who fulfilled the DSM criteria for obsessive compulsive disorder were included in the study. Those patients who were suffering from medical or neurological illness were excluded from the study.

Results: Ninety-Five Muslim patients (68 males and 27 females) fulfilled the DSM criteria for obsessive compulsive disorder. The mean age of the group was 25.88+7.39. The main themes of obsessions and compulsions were religious (62%), contamination (22%), and orderliness (16%).

Conclusion: This study demonstrates the role of religion in the development of numerous obsessions and compulsions, which may be useful in the early detection and treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder in our culture. Furthermore, in Islamic culture, the implications of these findings on non pharmacological therapeutic methods like exposure and response prevention (ERP) and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) could be considerable.






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